Earthquakes are one of the most feared natural disasters for much of the world’s population. Although they can have different intensity, which is measured from 0 to 10 degrees in the Richter scale, the consequences are often disastrous.
There are areas of the planet that are much more prone to earthquakes, such as Japan, where its population is trained to respond effectively to the catastrophe and infrastructures are built with anti-earthquake materials to prevent landslides. An attempt is also made to accurately predict the occurrence of the impact and its degree, although nature is impossible to control.
In this article we show you how to respond to an earthquake in four different situations. Although the situation is dramatic, you should always try to remain calm and act accordingly to minimize the damage.
How to survive an earthquake
If you are in a vehicle
If you are driving when the earthquake strikes, stop as soon as possible in the safest place and stay inside the vehicle. Avoid stopping near trees, buildings, or posts, as they could fall on top of the car.
Try to stay calm while sitting in your vehicle until the shaking has stopped. The metal of the device will protect you from bumps and objects. If you are in a garage, it is best to get out of the vehicle since the metal does not resist the cement.
Once the earthquake has stopped, do not try to drive again immediately. On many occasions, earthquakes are followed by tremors, which can collapse the buildings damaged in the previous impact. They are secondary tremors that can last from 10 seconds to indefinite. Unfortunately there is no way of knowing when they will occur.
If you have stopped in a difficult place during the earthquake you can find a safer place, avoiding going over bridges, ramps or roads that may have been damaged in the impact.
If you are in a building
If you are in a building, look for a solid object and hide underneath, if not get down on the ground to avoid falling with the shaking. A piece of furniture like a table is a good hiding place until the catastrophe stops.
Drop to the ground immediately to avoid falling from the shaking of the earthquake. Try to cover yourself with a solid object, like a table. If there is nothing near you, cover your head with your hands and arms. Don’t try to go to another room or get under the doors. Lastly, stay there and try to hold onto something until the shaking stops.
Once the shaking is over, do not run, since as we have said there could be repetitions as well as broken glass, fallen objects, etc. It is best to go to a free area away from buildings, poles or other elements that could harm you.
When the catastrophe is over, inspect your home for unstable or dangerous places. Do not activate the electrical system immediately as a spark could start and cause a fire.
If you are abroad
If you are outside just stay where you are, unless it is a dangerous area. Try to move away from buildings, electric poles, streetlights etc.
As in the previous cases, it is not necessary to trust if the tremor stops, since it could return as a rebound effect and take us by surprise. Therefore it is better to stay in place for a reasonable time. If we move, we must avoid entering sites that may be damaged or that are not safe in the event of an earthquake.
If you want to know more, in one of our articles we already show you two of the proposed techniques to be executed in the event of an earthquake.
It is impossible to avoid an earthquake, but we can be as prepared as possible for its consequences and act accordingly. Knowing these tips as well as being clear about the safe areas near our house can help us stay calm at the moment of impact. But do not worry, most earthquakes are not even perceived by the population.